Novo izdanje EDN Co-production Guide

The EDN Co-Production Guide provides information from 28 European countries for the producer, who seeks an overview on the co-production possibilities for documentaries in each country. The information has been provided by experienced producers in each country. First step is to select a country in the drop down menu at the top.

You will find information regarding financial support for:
-  co-productions from funds
-  co-production possibilities with broadcasters
-  co-productions that have received funding
-  relevant organizations and contact persons in the country
-  and much more

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What is a Co-production?
The exact definition of what qualifies a co-operation to be defined as a co-production is open to discussion. Here is EDNs understanding of the term and how it is to be understood in THE EDN CO-PRODUCTION GUIDE .
First of all the term is used for 2 very different co-operations: a co-operation between 2 or more production companies or a co-operation between a broadcaster and a production company. In the EDN CO-PRODUCTION GUIDE you will find examples of both. The headings NATIONAL FUND or OTHER FUNDS deal with co-productions between companies from different countries. The heading TV deals with co-productions between a broadcaster and a company from another country than the broadcaster.

1.     CO-PRODUCTION BETWEEN COMPANIES

A co-production is defined as a co-operation between 2 or more companies, that jointly
-  produce,
-  manage the production and
-  own the rights and the physical material of the film.
This must be stated in a Co-production Agreement, signed by the co-producers that
-  confirms and defines the above
-  confirms and defines the creative and technical details of the production (writer, director, length, versions)
-  defines the distribution of the practical management and responsibility of the production between the co-producers
-  defines the exploitation of the rights, including each co-producers share of income from this exploitation (the share of income very often equals the financial contribution of each co-producer)
-  defines the territories in which the co-producers exclusively and/or jointly will exploit the film
-  holds appendixes, that are as binding as the §§ of the agreement itself: Budget, Financing plan and any agreement entered with a 3rd party on behalf of the co-production.
All the countries that are represented here in the EDN CO-PRODUCTION GUIDE have signed the European Convention on Cinematographic Co-production. Currently a total number of 43 countries have ratified the convention.
If a co-production applies to the guidelines of the Convention, the co-production can access national funding in the country of each participating co-producer on equal terms as a national production.
To apply to the convention the most important conditions are:
-  the joint management and ownership of rights between the co-producers
-  the co-producers must represent at least 2 member states
-  the co-production must involve no less than 3 co-producers. 2 co-producers is accepted, if no bilateral agreement exist between the countries of the 2 co-producers
-  1 co-producer can contribute to the financing of the production with a maximum of 70% and a minimum of 10% (with 2 co-producers it’s 80% and 20%)
-  If one of the co-producers comes from a country that has not signed the Convention, there must be at least 3 producers from member states that must contribute together with no less than 70% of the financing
-  The production must be acknowledged as a European film, according to a table of points regarding creative, performing and technical contribution
-  The film has to be aimed for theatrical distribution.

In THE EDN CO-PRODUCTION GUIDE you will find, that many countries has national restrictions that limit in practice the access to national funding, even if the co-production applies to the convention. This can for example be reflected in the so-called Culture Test that require a high national relevance in terms of content and/or artistic participation from the country. The national requirements can also be a high level of expenditure and/or production days in the country. If a co-production receives funding from EURIMAGES (guidelines very similar to the ones in the Convention) it is not applicable for TV-funding from Creative Europe. http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/eurimages/default_en.asp

2.     CO-PRODUCTION BETWEEN A BROADCASTER AND A COMPANY

A Co-production contract in this case is a completely different agreement than the one entered between production companies. There are no international conventions, bilateral agreements or national guidelines that regulate co-productions between broadcasters and companies; hence the contracts differ very much.
A Co-production reflects a strong involvement from the broadcaster in the production. Compared to a Pre-sale, this would very often involve:
-  a contract entered at an early state of production
-  frequent involvement of the broadcaster in both artistic,  production and financial matters. The contract will define a minimum for this involvement:
-  script, production plan, budget and financing plan as part of the contract
-  discussions about and/or acceptance of rough cut(s) and final cut
-  acceptance of major changes in the production
-  a higher amount of contribution from the broadcasters side
-  distribution of rights between the production company and the broadcaster
Some broadcasters only enter co-productions with companies from their own country. This is especially the case in countries with a small production capacity in the independent sector and a broadcaster that only engage in few co-productions. In the EDN CO-PRODUCTION GUIDE we have only included co-productions where the majority producer comes from another country than the broadcaster.